Nepal is a land lock countries in South Asia and lies in between two giant nations, India in the south and China in the north. Nepal is mainly located in the Himalayas but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. The total present of the population of Nepal is 29.3 million. Nepal has verities of different languages, culture depending on their cast. In Nepal, there are 123 languages spoken by people according to their cast and mother tongue. Nepalese People have different followers in religions mainly Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity, Muslim etc. are the main religions in Nepal. There are 125 different castes in Nepal with their culture and languages.
Nepali people celebrate different types of the festival within the year, i.e. Dashain which is the main festival of Nepal, and during this festival, all the government offices remain closed for 15 days to celebrate the festival. During this festival there will be more scarifies or killing of animals mainly buffalo, goat, sheep etc. in Dashain every family member will be gathering together from all over the world and get together to celebrate forgetting all their all worries. Tihar is another main festival of light celebrates after 15 days of Dashain. Tihar celebrated for ten days. In this festival, we worship for the crow, dog, cow and at last, there will be a day where all the sisters put Tika on their brother’s forehead for their blessings.
There are different festivals of Newari cast ethnic Group, i.e. Machindra Nath Jatra and Lakhe nach Jatra.
Nepal is known as one of the peaceful countries in the world and known as Hinduism country. Buddha which regarded as light of Asia was born in Nepal in Kapilbastu Lumbini. There is a second largest Buddhist stupa in Kathmandu and Hindu Temple Pashupatinath temple where Hinduism people do their cremation. Boudhanath stupa and Pashupatinath temple listed in a world heritage site in 1979.
The main food that Nepali people serves is Dal Bhat which is Lentils soup and plain rice with some vegetable curry with some pickles. In the Himalaya region, it depends on the season of the vegetable that they grow in the fields. Boil potato can be a good dinner for the people in the Himalayan region and Dhedo which is made up of Millet, maize, corn etc.
The 10 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Nepal are:
1. Pashupatinath Temple
2. Swayambhunath Stupa
3. Boudhanath Stupa
4. Kathmandu Durbar Square
5. Patan Durbar Square
6. Bhaktapur Durbar Square
7. Changu Narayan Temple
9. Chitwan National park
10. Sagarmatha National Park